• Click here for a pull out section on WYD 2016

    FORT WAYNE — It is with excitement that the Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend has announced a diocesan pilgrimage to World Youth Day Krakow in July 2016 with Bishop Kevin C. Rhoades. The diocese is working with Dube Travel on all arrangements including the pre-World Youth Day spiritual preparation with visits to Czestochowa, Auschwitz, Wadowice and Kalwaria. The diocese has reserved spots for 200 young pilgrims.

    “WYD 2016 will be held in Krakow, Poland — the home of World Youth Day’s beloved founder, Pope John Paul II,” said Natalie Kohrman, who will coordinate the pilgrimage trip to Poland. “The theme (from Matthew 5:7) is ‘Blessed are the merciful, for they will receive mercy.’”

    Bishop Rhoades is inviting all young people who will be between the ages of 16 and 35 as of July 20, 2016, to consider attending as this will be an exciting time of grace for today’s Church, especially the young Catholics who hold John Paul II so dear.

    “While in North America, we tend to think of youth as 18 and under,” Kohrman said, “the target age for World Youth Day is 16-35. For this reason, we hope that parishes will support young adults in their late teens, 20s and early 30s, who are called to Krakow. Parish groups can determine whether to allow 16-18 year-olds to travel with their group.”

    The diocese has space for 200 pilgrims, so it is recommended to sign up as soon as possible.

    Because of all that Poland has to offer, Kohrman said one can imagine how many Catholics from all over the world are going to want to travel to WYD. “Therefore, we got an early start and have reserved spots for 200 pilgrims with our travel agency,” she said.  “They have been working hard to secure hotel rooms, transportation and everything else needed.”

    Kohrman said, “While hotel and flight costs are still being negotiated, we have a reasonable estimate of $4,000 per person for the trip, including all transportation, lodging, WYD registration and many meals. This considerable investment will require great sacrifice for our young people, but will certainly be an experience that will impact them and bear great fruit for years to come.”

    An initial deposit of $500 will be required in order to register and secure a spot in the diocesan delegation. WYD 2016 will not have a diocesan-wide fundraising event similar to the one held for WYD 2011 in Madrid. However, diocesan WYD staff will provide ideas and suggestions to those parishes interested in fundraising to cover the costs of WYD.

    The Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend’s delegation to WYD 2016 will consist of 200 pilgrims including Bishop Rhoades, priests, religious, seminarians, diocesan WYD staff, young adult pilgrims, youth pilgrims and chaperones.

    Youth pilgrims will travel in groups of 10-16 teens and be accompanied by two chaperones, who will be 25 years-old or older. In order to allow for better relationships between youth pilgrims and their chaperones, Kohrman said parishes participating in WYD 2016 will be responsible for recruiting their own chaperones.

    “WYD 2016 will be an amazing pilgrimage,” Kohrman said. After departing from the diocese on Thursday, July 21, 2016, pilgrims will begin their pre-World Youth Day spiritual preparation in Warsaw, Poland.

    While in Warsaw, pilgrims will tour the city’s Old Town and Market Square. They will participate in Masses at the Metropolitan Cathedral of St. John the Baptist and at St. Stanislaus Kostka Church. The latter houses the Shrine of Blessed Jerzy Popieluzko, who was martyred in 1984 for his opposition to communism. Next there will be an opportunity to visit Poland’s national shrine and pray before the miraculous Icon of the Black Madonna at Jasna Gora (Luminous Mount) Monastery in Czestochowa.

    The next stop, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Kohrman said is sure to be an emotional, prayer-filled one as pilgrims will spend time on the grounds of the former concentration camp where St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein) and St. Maximililian Kolbe were martyred.

    Then pilgrims will visit the birthplace of John Paul II, Wadowice, and the home of one of his favorite shrines to Our Lady, Kalwaria.

    The pilgrimage will continue with six more days in Krakow — the final resting place of St. Maria Faustina Kowalska and, of course, the home of St. John Paul II.

    Activities in Krakow will include a visit to the Divine Mercy Sanctuary, the WYD opening Mass, catechetical sessions, daily Mass, Stations of the Cross and other WYD events.

    Pope Francis will arrive on Thursday, but the culmination of WYD will be the vigil Mass with Pope Francis on Saturday evening. Following the closing Mass and farewell dinner on Sunday, pilgrims will journey home on Monday, Aug. 1.

    The website — www.diocesefwsb.org/wyd — features an overview of the itinerary with pictures, a “Frequently Asked Questions” section, registration and payment information, and some interesting facts about Poland. Questions may be directed to Natalie Kohrman at wyd@diocesefwsb.org.


    Posted on July 22, 2014, to:

  • SOUTH BEND — Saint Joseph High School held its second annual Christian Service Camp on July 9-10. More than 60 students participated in this year’s camp.

    “Christian Service Camp is a hands-on, summer learning camp emphasizing the spirituality of Christian Service. Students will gain greater insight and understanding of our mission,” said Kathy Kershner, Christian service coordinator at Saint Joseph High School. Students at Saint Joseph are required to perform 20 hours of service each year. Participants in the camp will earn 10 hours of service for the upcoming school year.

    The camp focused on three organizations that help those in need — Unity Gardens (a community garden), St. Vincent de Paul Society’s Thrift Store and The Center for the Homeless. Students worked in shifts at all three locations.

    Enrico Lazareto, a junior, worked at Unity Gardens on the first day.

    “I moved dirt with wheel barrows, pulled weeds, carried plants and even got to play with some chickens,” Lazareto said. “I realize how much needs to be done. A lot of people need help.”

    Sophomore Grace O’Brien spent two-and-a-half hours sorting clothes with her group at the St. Vincent de Paul Society’s Thrift store.

    “We filled 17 carts and five boxes with clothes. They told us that we freed up three days of work off the volunteer’s hands,” O’Brien said.

    Another sophomore, Jake Snyder typically performs all of his service hours at the Center for the Homeless. “I wanted something new, and it’s also a good way to meet people,” Snyder said. He spent the first day at Unity Gardens and thinks he will go back to again. He learned a lot about the work that goes into growing food and reusing energy.

    Incoming freshmen Alma Nuñez and Leslie Alvarez came together. Nuñez attended the camp because “I wanted to help and I wanted to know where I could go to help people in South Bend.” Alvarez was eager as she waited for the day’s events to begin. “I love to garden, so I’m excited to go to Unity Gardens. I was in a group that started a garden earlier this summer,” she said. Alvarez intends to ask her pastor if they can plant a vegetable garden for the parishioners to use.

    “I know what Unity Garden is, but knowing about vocation and seeing it in action is a totally different experience,” said Alex Daugherty, a senior. “Unity Gardens lives the motto ‘God calls, we answer.’”

    Posted on July 16, 2014, to:

  • By Denise Fedorow

    WARSAW — Bishop Kevin C. Rhoades celebrated a Eucharistic Holy Hour for religious liberty Friday, June 27, at Our Lady of Guadalupe Shrine in Warsaw. The Holy Hour was being celebrated in conjunction with the third annual Fortnight for Freedom established by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) to bring awareness to threats to religious liberties.

    During his homily Bishop Rhoades told attendees that it was the solemnity of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus. “Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus is profoundly Eucharistic. In fact, we can call the Eucharist the outstanding gift of the Heart of Jesus. In the Eucharist, we are nourished and strengthened by the grace which flows from the Sacred Heart of Jesus,” he said. “The Eucharist is the sacrament of love.”

    Bishop Rhoades told the congregation, “During this Holy Hour, we pray in the presence of Jesus and draw close to Him in the mystery of His heart, where we learn love, meekness and humility. We learn to abide in His love. This strengthens us and inspires us to imitate His love and to help build a civilization of love.”

    He told those present for the bi-lingual service that during this particular Holy Hour the primary prayer intention was religious liberty at home and abroad. The Fortnight for Freedom brings attention to how religious liberties are increasingly threatened in this country. He said as Catholics the faithful continue to oppose the HHS mandate (requiring employers to provide insurance for contraceptives and abortions) and pray that it is overturned.

    “Our faith calls us, the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Holy Eucharist call us, to love and serve our neighbor. We do so through our schools, hospitals, charities and social service ministries,” the bishop said. “The HHS mandate interferes with our mission to serve since it harshly penalizes us if we do not comply.”  

    He also spoke about the recent judge’s decision to strike down Indiana’s ban on same sex marriages. He said the ramifications are unknown and wondered, “What will happen to those who adhere to the truth about marriage as the union of one man and one woman?”

    He continued, “Love for our brothers and sisters with same-sex attraction is part of our faith. At the same time, we know and believe that marriage, by its very nature, in the divine plan, is a communion of life and love between one man and one woman. So let us pray during this Holy Hour for the preservation of our religious liberty in this new and real threat that arises from the redefinition of marriage in our state,”

    The bishop also asked those gathered for silent prayer before the Eucharist to remember their brothers and sisters around the world who are persecuted for their faith and who have no religious liberty.

    The service concluded with the Litany for Liberty and the Divine Praises. Afterwards Bishop Rhoades greeted those who attended and bestowed a blessing upon one couple celebrating their 20th anniversary that day.


    Posted on July 8, 2014, to:

  • Bishop Kevin C. Rhoades celebrates the feast of Corpus Christi at St. Mary, Mother of God Church in downtown Fort Wayne on June 22. At the Mass he blessed a tabernacle that was restored with salvaged pieces from the church that was destroyed by fire in 1993.

    By Mark Weber

    FORT WAYNE — Parishioners at St. Mary, “Mother of God,” recaptured a bit of their history on June 22. Celebrating Mass on the solemnity of The Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ, Bishop Kevin C. Rhoades reminded the parishioners that Mother of God is part of the historical downtown Fort Wayne’s church’s title and blessed a restored tabernacle with parts that were salvaged from a 1993 fire that destroyed the old church.

    In his homily, Bishop Rhoades explained that he had received a letter from Father Phillip Widmann requesting that the parish and church title be “Mary, Mother of God” (“Muttergottes” in German). In his research, Bishop Rhoades discovered that Bishop John M. D’Arcy kept the same title and dedicated the new church to “Mary, the Mother of God.”

    “So I let Father Widmann know that this ‘is’ officially the title of your church and parish,” Bishop Rhoades said. “The parish feast day, therefore, is Jan. 1, the solemnity of Mary, the Mother of God.”

    “This is the most ancient title of Our Lady, a title confirmed by the Council of Ephesus in the year 451,” Bishop Rhoades said. “This title was an affirmation by the Church not only of Mary’s identity, but also a defense of the truth about the identity of Christ as God, that He is the Son of God, one Divine Person, the second Person of the Blessed Trinity, with two natures, human and divine. Since Jesus is truly God from God and consubstantial with the Father, as we profess in the Nicene Creed, His mother is rightly called the Mother of God.”

    Bishop Rhoades recalled how St. John Paul II called Mary the “Woman of the Eucharist.”

    “It is great to be with you today on this beautiful feast of the Holy Eucharist, Corpus Christi,” Bishop Rhoades said. “Very appropriately, on this feast I will bless your beautiful new tabernacle where the Blessed Sacrament will be reserved so that holy Communion can be brought to the sick and the dying. The Eucharist is reserved in our churches also for your prayer and Adoration before the Blessed Sacrament.”

    “This tabernacle is very special since parts of it were built from pieces of the old tabernacle that were preserved from the fire of 1993,” he said.  “It connects you with your history and the thousands of ancestors in the faith here at St. Mary’s who prayed before the old tabernacle. The parts that have been preserved, as you probably know, are the brass doors and the two marble side pieces with lilies (the lily being a symbol of Mary).”

    Bishop Rhoades spoke of St. John Paul’s encyclical letter written on the Eucharist. The pope wrote: “the Eucharist, as Christ’s saving presence in the community of the faithful and its spiritual food, is the most precious possession which the Church can have in her journey through history.”

    Bishop Rhoades said, “Today, on this special feast, we thank Christ our Lord for this amazing gift. The Eucharist is truly the Church’s most precious possession! It is the greatest of the sacraments.”

    “When we receive Holy Communion, we receive the most holy Body and Blood of our Lord,” he said. “As Catholics, we firmly believe the words of Jesus in today’s Gospel: ‘I am the living bread that came down from heaven; whoever eats this bread will live forever; and the bread that I will give is My flesh for the life of the world.’”

    The Eucharist is the food for our journey through life, the bishop said.

    Near the end of his encyclical on the Eucharist, St. John Paul II wrote: “In the humble signs of bread and wine, changed into His Body and Blood, Christ walks beside us as our strength and our food for the journey, and He enables us to become, for everyone, witnesses of hope. If, in the presence of this mystery, reason experiences its limits, the heart, enlightened by the grace of the Holy Spirit, clearly sees the response that is demanded, and bows low in adoration and unbounded love.”

    After the homily, Bishop Rhoades blessed the tabernacle.

    Ken Yahne, longtime member, recalled salvaging relics after the fire: “I remember after the fire 1993 being in the church, taking apart the altar to get to the relics, literally taking it apart brick by brick and it was amazing to see the destruction caused by the falling timbers. The altar was crushed.”

    “When we created the new building, we built a 5,000 square-foot soup kitchen, which is the mainstay of our social ministry,” Yahne noted. “The old building was destroyed, the spirit of St. Mary’s lives on.”

    Therese Spencer, former RCIA director at the parish and now the religious education director, said, “When the fire happened, I wasn’t here yet, but when I became RCIA director in 1998, a lady came through RCIA who had witnessed the actual lightning strike and saw the burning fire and said that moved her so much that she began looking into the Catholic faith. She felt like God got her attention and from that she became a Catholic. She was in my first class to be brought into the Church. So that’s my memory of the fire.”

    Jan Kortenber, office manager at St. Mary Mother of God Church since 2002, said, “The tabernacle is fabulous. I love seeing the old blended with the new, and Bishop Rhoades is always inspiring. I have never been in his presence when he was not inspiring.”

    Tim Johnson contributed to this article.

    Ruined tabernacle restored to glory

    By Mark Weber

    Mark Weber
    Woodworker Tom Braun stands by the restored tabernacle of St. Mary Church, Fort Wayne. Braun fashioned the new tabernacle from two pieces of marble and brass doors, which survived the 1993 fire that destroyed the church.

    FORT WAYNE — On a lazy day late in the summer of 1993, as Fort Wayne folks waited for the Labor Day weekend to kick in, a supercharged lightning bolt blasted the steeple of St. Mary Church downtown Fort Wayne zipping flames everywhere through the century old mainly wooden house of God and beloved Fort Wayne landmark. There was no question of controlling the flames and sadly, the fireman’s old joke, “We saved the foundation,” said it all.

    For a long time the busy traffic on Lafayette Street rolled by the rubble wrapped in wire fencing. Destruction was nearly total, yielding little in the way of salvage.

    Surprisingly, among broken pieces set aside was a vital item encrusted with cinders and stains and lay hidden in the rectory garage with unexamined debris for nearly two decades. Metaphorically, the hidden item symbolized the impossibility of destruction of the Divine Presence; charred and unrecognizable, it was the original tabernacle.

    Following discovery of the brass tabernacle door and two marble sidepieces, the marble was sent to Classic Marble and Stone Company in Hoagland for restoration and the brass doors, with six brass candleholders were sent to a company in Detroit for regilding.

    Once this cleanup was complete, the real challenge presented itself — how to make two marble slabs and brass doors go together as a tabernacle. Through the mysterious goodness of God, the assignment went to the skilled hands of Tom Braun, a longtime parishioner of St. Vincent de Paul Parish in Fort Wayne. Braun is a retired pattern maker, affectionately nicknamed “St. Joseph” by the priests who call on him to design and build custom made church furniture.

    Using beautiful cherry wood, Braun fashioned a triptych-style form with the brass doors as the centerpiece and the marble panels bearing lily designs as the sidepieces. The tabernacle is designed to support a monstrance for occasions of Divine Exposition.

    Also found in the ashes and saved was a marble panel bearing the names of German families who mortgaged their farms to acquire the land for the future St. Mary Church as they separated from St. Augustine, (Fort Wayne’s first Catholic church and immediate predecessor of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception) in order to have a German parish with Mass in Latin but sermons and announcements in German, all under the name of Der Mutter-Gottes Kirche, the Mother of God Church. Honoring the spirit of these charter members and knowing that conversationally the church will continue to be called “St. Mary’s,” the church is officially listed as St. Mary, Mother of God Church.


    Posted on June 23, 2014, to:

  • By Tim Johnson

    Bishop Kevin C. Rhoades congratulates newly ordained Father Zachary Barry on the plaza of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception on June 7 following the Mass of Ordination to the Holy Priesthood. (Photo by Kay Cozad)

    For more photos from the Ordination visit the photo gallery.

    FORT WAYNE — A day of rejoicing marked June 7 as Bishop Kevin C. Rhoades ordained Father Zachary Barry to the Priesthood at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Fort Wayne.

    “On this day before the great feast of Pentecost, we gather here in our Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Mary’s church, to celebrate the special outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon Deacon Zachary Barry in the sacrament of priestly ordination,” Bishop Rhoades said as he began the Mass of Ordination to the Priesthood.

    “We gather with great joy, the joy of the Holy Spirit,” Bishop Rhoades continued. “Our diocese rejoices today in receiving this gift from the Lord. Zak’s parents, Vince and Becky, and his brother, sisters, grandmothers, relatives and friends rejoice in a special way. Our priests rejoice that a new brother enters our priestly fraternity.”

    Bishop Rhoades expressed his gratitude for the presence of Msgr. Stephen Rohlfs, Bishop Rhoades’ successor as rector of Mount Saint Mary’s Seminary.

    Msgr. Bernard Galic, vocation director who will be retiring from the post at the end of month, affirmed the readiness of candidate Barry for the Priesthood, and the homily followed.

    “Today, Jesus, the Great High Priest, renews the extraordinary gift of the ministerial priesthood in our diocese,” Bishop Rhoades said in his homily. “As Jesus gave to the apostles on Holy Thursday a share in His priesthood, so He gives to Zachary Barry through the sacrament of Holy Orders a share in this priesthood, in the vocation and saving mission entrusted to Him by the Father.”

    Bishop Rhoades addressed Deacon Barry in the homily, and said, “Deacon Zak, the priests present here today can testify with me that the celebration of the Eucharist is the center of our life and the most important moment of our every day. As a priest, when you celebrate Mass, you will not only be recalling for the community the events of Christ’s Passion, Death and Resurrection. Through your priestly ministry at the altar, the Paschal Mystery, which Pope Francis calls ‘the beating heart of the Church’s mission,’ will be made present. By the power of the Holy Spirit, you will act in the person of Christ so that when you pronounce the words of consecration at Mass, your words will have the same efficacy as those spoken by Jesus at the Last Supper. Deacon Zak, by the gift you receive today, you will become a minister of the sacrament that is at the very heart of the life of the Church, the sacrament of charity from which the Church draws her life.”

    Bishop Rhoades said it is important at the ordination Mass to also remember something else that Jesus did at the Last Supper. He washed the feet of the apostles, teaching those first priests that they, like He, were to be servants.

    “To be a priest is to be a servant: a servant of God and of the Church,” Bishop Rhoades said. “In the image of Christ who is both High Priest and Good Shepherd, priests are to be men of mercy and compassion, close to the people they serve, especially to those who are wounded in life: to sinners, to the sick and suffering, to the poor and outcasts.”

    Bishop Rhoades encouraged the deacon to think about Pope Francis’ image of the Church as a field hospital. “There are so many people who are wounded and the Holy Father is saying we must be there to treat the wounds, whether they are open or hidden,” Bishop Rhoades said.

    Pope Francis has asked the priests: “Do you know the wounds of your parishioners? Do you perceive them? Are you close to them? Do you weep for your people? Do you pray for them?”

    Bishop Rhoades said the holy priest is not one who just celebrates the Eucharist but the one who lives the Eucharist, the one who can honestly say to His people as Jesus said to the apostles: “I am among you as the one who serves.”

    Bishop Rhoades reflected on how the ordination liturgy takes the faithful back in spirit to the upper room, both to the Last Supper and to Pentecost.

    “Tomorrow, ‘Father’ Zachary will celebrate his first Mass on the Solemnity of Pentecost, the day when the Church’s mission began, the day when the Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles, strengthening them to go forth to bear witness to the crucified and risen Christ,” Bishop Rhoades said. “Through the laying on of my hands and the prayer of consecration, the same Holy Spirit descends today in this cathedral upon Deacon Zak, strengthening him for his apostolic and priestly mission. He will go forth in the power of the Spirit to share the treasure of the Gospel. He will go forth to catechize, baptize, forgive, anoint and bless. Like the apostles, our new priest will be inspired, commanded and moved by the Holy Spirit in his service of the faithful.”

    St. Paul gave wonderful counsel to the presbyters of Ephesus, counsel that is important for priests to follow: “Keep watch over yourselves and over the whole flock of which the Holy Spirit has appointed you overseers, in which you tend the Church of God that He acquired with His own Blood.”

    Priests are to keep watch over the flock entrusted to them and to tend the Church of God, the bishop explained. “When fierce wolves come to attack her, we are called to protect and defend her with the truth that is stronger than falsehood and with the love that is stronger than hatred, always trusting in the words of Jesus that the gates of hell will not prevail against His Church,” Bishop Rhoades said.

    Priests also need to keep watch over themselves, the bishop added. “This requires that we spend time with Him in prayer, especially through contemplation of His Word and Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament,” he said. “We must be with Christ in order to go forth to bring Him to others. Devotion to Our Blessed Mother especially helps us to abide in Jesus and His love.”

    And just as St. Paul did at the end of his discourse to the presbyters of Ephesus — he knelt down and prayed with them all — Bishop Rhoades quoted Pope Benedict XVI when he said, “praying on one’s knees means adoring God’s greatness in our weakness, grateful that the Lord loves us, precisely in our weakness.”

    “To be good and holy priests, we too must have the faith and the humility to kneel down and pray in adoration of the One whom we serve, Our King, Our High Priest, Our Shepherd,” Bishop Rhoades said.

    After the homily, Deacon Barry declared his intentions to assume the responsibility of the office of Priesthood and promised obedience and respect to the bishop and his successors.

    The elect then prostrated himself on the floor of the cathedral as a sign of his complete submission to the will of God, while the Litany of Saints was beautifully sung.

    The deacon knelt before Bishop Rhoades and later the entire college of priests who processed by to lay hands on the head of the candidate, in accordance with the apostolic tradition. Then, with Deacon Barry kneeling before him, Bishop Rhoades put aside the miter, and, with hands outstretched, prayed the Prayer of Ordination.

    The newly ordained priest was then vested by Msgr. John Suelzer, pastor of St. Charles Borromeo, Fort Wayne, and where Father Barry attended grade school, with the stole and chasuble, signs of the priestly office, after which Bishop Rhoades anointed the new priest’s palms with Chrism, a consecrated and perfumed oil that symbolizes wisdom and strength.

    The Barry family brought forward the gifts of the people to Bishop Rhoades. They delivered the paten and chalice to Bishop Rhoades, who then handed them over to the newly ordained Father Barry with the exhortation to discharge his priestly duties in imitation of Christ.

    The ordination rite concluded with Bishop Rhoades and all the priests in attendance bestowing the fraternal kiss of peace on Father Barry as a means of welcoming him into the presbyterate.

    At the end of the Mass, Bishop Rhoades asked for a blessing from the new priest, and then on the plaza of the cathedral many of Father Barry’s family, friends and the faithful offered their best wishes and requested a special blessing from the newly-ordained priest.

    Father Barry told Today’s Catholic he had been looking forward to ordination. “I feel a mixture of excitement, anticipation and nervousness,” he said. “But above all I’m at peace that I am where the Lord has called me to be.”

    “It is a great mystery and a great joy to be called to the Priesthood, to act in the person of Christ,” Father Barry added. “I look forward to ministering Christ’s sacraments to His people and to spending my life fully for the Gospel and for souls.”

    A grateful Father Barry concluded, “My thanks to my family, my seminary formators and all who have prayed for and encouraged me in my vocation and growth in holiness knows no bounds, without the grace of God supporting me through so many kind and supportive souls I would never have made it to the altar, and it is this grace which will continue to support me in my priestly life and ministry.”

    Father Barry celebrated his first Mass on June 8 at his home parish, Our Lady of Good Hope Parish, Fort Wayne.


    More photos at https://plus.google.com/photos/110561327464960550642/albums/6022265896419590993?banner=pwa


    Posted on June 7, 2014, to: